|Many visitors of my
site mailed me that they don't master English and that they have a hard time to understand
the theory due to words they don't understand. Most of these words are technical words
about airplane parts. Here I will try to solve that problem by showing where those parts
If you have problems with a word that still isn't in this list, tell me. I will try to find the meaning of it and add it to the list.
First I will show you some drawings of airplanes and name their parts. I have to show you three airplanes because of the different placing of elevators.
Unswepted flying wing
The Marske Pioneer.
Swepted flying wing
The Utopia of BrightStar.
Aileron = control surface which control the
airplane around its roll-axis
Airfoil = the shape of the wing when you would
cut it. A wing can have several airfoils.
Chord = length of airfoil at a certain point.
Imagine cutting the wing and measuring the length of your cut.
Elevator = control surface which controls the
airplane in pitch
Elevon= combined control area. Elevator and
aileron in one.
Fairing = a hangglider term which means an
(partially or fully) enclosed cockpit. It decreases the drag.
Flap = control area on wings that gives extra
lift when lowered
Fuselage = the part of a airplane
connects the wing to its tail (in conventional airplane)
Gear = landing gear (wheels to land on)
Hangar = place where airplanes are stocked in
Leading edge = edge of wing at the front
Pitch= movement of plane. Nose moves up or down.
Roll= movement of plane. Wingtip moves up or
Rudder = the vertical part of the tail on classic
airplanes; on unusual designs the rudder can be placed at the wingtips.
Trailing edge = edge of wing at rear
Yaw= movement of plane. Nose moves left or right.